Tuesday, April 25, 2017

Karim Cheurfi: From the Cauldron of Prison to the Streets of Paris


Steven Emerson, Executive Director
April 24, 2017

Karim Cheurfi: From the Cauldron of Prison to the Streets of Paris

by Patrick Dunleavy
IPT News
April 24, 2017
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The initial reports regarding Islamic terrorist Karim Cheurfi, the man responsible for the latest attack that killed French police officer Xavier Jugele and wounded several others, contained the all-too-familiar phrase – "known to authorities."
What actually was known? Cheurfi had a predisposition for violence, animosity toward authority – he had tried to kill police officers twice before – and a sense of alienation. They also knew that he had spent a significant period of his life in a place that some authorities called a radicalizing cauldron, the French prison system. Inside those prisons, a small group of Islamic terrorists was effectively radicalizing other inmates who came in as petty criminals with no religious leanings, said Pascal Mailhos, past director of France's domestic intelligence agency.
Mailhos' warning proved prophetic as French prisons spawned terrorists like Mohammed Merah, who in 2012 murdered police officers and Jewish school children in Toulouse, and Amedy Coulibaly, who killed a police trainee before storming the Hyper Cacher kosher supermarket and killing four hostages. Charlie Hebdo attacker Said Kouachi, like Karim Cheurfi, came out of the joint radicalized and ready to kill law enforcement, military personnel and innocent civilians in the name of Allah.
This problem is not unique to France. Former inmates who turned to the violent path of jihad plotted or carried out terrorist attacks in the United States, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Germany and the United Kingdom.
For some, particularly for those who have spent time in prison, the radicalization process from conversion to violence is more accelerated. "Some individuals, particularly those who convert in prison, may be attracted directly to jihadi violence...for this group, jihad represents a convenient outlet for (their) aggressive behavior," the Central Intelligence Agency said in a report, "Homegrown Jihad – Pathway to Terrorism."
When you combine the ingredients of violent aggressive behavior, animosity toward authority, incarceration, and radical Islamic ideology, you will almost certainly produce a deadly toxin. French prosecutor Francois Molins insisted that Cheurfi showed no signs of radicalization prior to the attack. Missing the signs could be the result of bad eyesight or, a lack of training. "We don't have anyone trained for anti-radicalization," said David Dulondel, the head of the union representing officers at France's Fleury-Merogis maximum security prison. "We can't say whether someone is in the process of radicalizing or not."
Despite an acknowledged problem with insufficient training, groups like the Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR) seek to censor any mention of Islamic radicalization from American law enforcement and military training.
In 2004, the FBI's official definition of radicalization was "the process of attracting and possibly converting inmates to radical Islam." They since have been pressured to change the term to "violent extremism."
Removing warning labels from canisters containing caustic material does not render the substance inside harmless. It only increases the risk of a deadly incident. Toxic waste spills are often the result of carelessness.
Prison radicalization should not be treated this way. We must put the tools in place to monitor and control this threat. Others have done it. Following last month's Westminster Bridge attack by Khalid Masood, British authorities announced the formation of a task force that will combine intelligence, law enforcement, corrections and probation personnel to look at literature, clergy, and other influences available in prisons. The task force will also closely monitor recently released inmates for changes in behavior or association with known radical mosques or people. France, which has suffered its share of jihadi violence carried out by ex-inmates, had to admit that its program to address prison radicalization had been an utter failure. Yet it has not made any significant changes.
Here in the United States, it is imperative that the Justice Department and the FBI revise the Correctional Intelligence Initiative Program to include the proper vetting of clergy and a post release component to track people who were radicalized or previously incarcerated for terrorist crimes. The initiative started in 2003 with a mission to "detect, deter, and disrupt efforts by terrorist and extremist groups to radicalize or recruit within all federal, state, territorial, tribal and local prison populations."
Failure to effectively address the ongoing threat is not an acceptable option. At some point there will be a price to pay.
IPT Senior Fellow Patrick Dunleavy is the former Deputy Inspector General for New York State Department of Corrections and author of The Fertile Soil of Jihad. He currently teaches a class on terrorism for the United States Military Special Operations School.
The IPT accepts no funding from outside the United States, or from any governmental agency or political or religious institutions. Your support of The Investigative Project on Terrorism is critical in winning a battle we cannot afford to lose. All donations are tax-deductible. Click here to donate online. The Investigative Project on Terrorism Foundation is a recognized 501(c)3 organization.  

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Second email alert regarding Company cancels ads on Bill O’Reilly but has no problem with Huffington Post fake news, Islamist propaganda. Please send email to advertiser.


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Second email alert regarding Hyundai cancels advertising with The O’Reilly Factor while the company’s same “values” allows them to advertise on Huffingtonpost.com’s fake news, Islamist propaganda.

Florida Family Association has determined that it is very productive to send out email alerts again for supporters who missed the first alert.  FFA's budgeted email software does not eliminate subscribers from the second email alert who have responded to the first email.


372 companies (94%) 
have stopped advertising at Huffington Post in the last year.

Click here to send your email to encourage Hyundai officials and dealership officials to stop supporting the Huffington Post’s Islamist propaganda with their advertising dollars.

Hyundai cancelled their advertising on The O’Reilly Factor because of off-camera misconduct that is unrelated to the content of his show.   However, Hyundai does not appear to have a problem with the fake news, Islamist propaganda content published at Huffingtonpost.com.  Hyundai continues to advertise, often very heavily, at Huffingtonpost.com even after receiving more than a dozen emails from Florida Family Association regarding the website’s fake news, Islamist propaganda.
  
And of course Huffington Post is heavily reporting the advertisers that cancelled the O’Reilly Factor.  The Huffington Post published the following article, reprinted in part, on April 4, 2017.  

Hyundai announced its decision late Monday night.

“As a company we seek to partner with companies and programming that share our values of inclusion and diversity,” a Hyundai spokesman said.

Hyundai tweeted:  “Hyundai currently has no advertising running on The O’Reilly Factor.  We had upcoming advertising spots on the show but are reallocating them due to the recent and disturbing allegations.  As a company we seek to partner with companies and programming that share our values of inclusion and diversity.”

Bill O’Reilly’s misconduct is most troubling.  However, Hyundai’s enforcement of their “values” appears to have a double standard when the company ceases advertising based upon off-camera misconduct that is unrelated to the content of the show while permitting their advertising to continue on Huffington Post’s fake news, Islamist propaganda.

Huffington Post has published numerous articles that promote Islamist propaganda.  Huffington Post articles have defended the Muslim Brotherhood, fundraised for the Council on American Islamic Relations (CAIR), blamed Christian Islamophobia for worldwide conflict with Muslims, promoted an anti-Semitic blog, encouraged Islamist demagoguery, and promoted other Islamist propaganda.  Additionally, the Huffington Post has former Al Jazeera journalists writing articles and Huffington Post Arabic is led by hard line Islamists from Al Jazeera. The Huffington Post published an article written by Ben Piven on January 12, 2017 titled “Why Al Jazeera America Failed, And Why We Need It More Than Ever.”  The subtitle stated “America desperately needs something similar to pioneer this new era of uncertainty and misinformation.”  Ben Piven “was at Al Jazeera for over 5 years, including several years at AJAM in New York City and also in Doha at AJE during the height of the Arab Spring.”

The Huffington Post Arabic edition is run by two hardline Islamists according to a report published by BreitbartAnas Fouda, an Egyptian native now living in Muslim Brotherhood-friendly Turkey, is the new editor-in-chief of HuffPost Arabi. He was arrested by UAE authorities in 2013 after being charged with being a leader in the Islamist group, according to a NOW Lebanon, which linked to an article in which Fouda allegedly admitted that he has been a member of the Brotherhood since 1988. Prior to becoming the Huffington Post Arabic editor, Fouda was an executive producer at Al Jazeera Arabic, a network accused of having rabidly pro-Brotherhood biases.  The Huffington Post’s Arabic venture was created after the left-wing news network teamed up with Integral Media Strategies, an organization led by Wadah Khanfar, who was previously employed as Al Jazeera Arabic’s managing director. Khanfar, like Fouda, has been arrested by an Arab government (Jordan) on suspicion that he was a leader in the Muslim Brotherhood terror group. Additionally, Zvi Mazel, the former Israeli Ambassador to Egypt, has in the past noted with certainty that “Wadah Khanfar is a Muslim Brother,” and that the former Al Jazeera chief turned the network into a “weapon in the service of” the Muslim Brotherhood.

The following articles are examples of some of the Huffington Post's recent Islamist propaganda:

•    The Huffington Post published an article on January 31, 2017 titled:  "Organizing Against Islamophobia: Reflection And Analysis To Strengthen Our Work."  The article states in part: "Muslim communities and those being targeted by the relentless, ongoing Islamophobic, racist, and xenophobic assaults coming from so many directions are organizing with great integrity, strength, and intention. We know these assaults are not new, but the moment calls for all sorts of resistance."

•    The Huffington Post published an article on January 26, 2017 titled “The American Dream Or The American Nightmare?”  The article states in part:  “This is a call to your conscience. I am writing about the ‘Muslim ban,’ as people are calling it.  The ‘Muslim ban’ is not about security. This is about Islamophobia, plain and simple.”  Only fake news promoters are calling it a Muslim ban because that is not what President Trump’s executive order states.  More Islamist propaganda.

•    The Huffington Post published an article on January 25, 2017 titled “Don’t Deride Women Marchers — Help Them Become More Radical.”  The article headlines a photo of a women’s march protestor with a sign of a women wearing a Hijab that is made from an American flag.   This is a tragic display of hypocrisy having the Hijab, a sign of oppression and devalued women’s rights, made out of an American flag, which stands for freedom and liberty for all including women oppressed under Sharia law in America.

Twelve examples of Huffington Post’s Islamist propaganda articles are posted at the bottom of this article.

Why is it important to urge companies to stop advertising at Huffingtonpost.com?

•    Islamophobia propaganda is the top tool Islamists use to influence Americans to ignore advancement of Sharia doctrine in the United States.  Unfortunately, it intimidates people to the point of stifling free speech in a manner that hurts public safety.  Labeling people or groups as Islamophobes is intended to influence them to stop criticizing Islam.   Fear of being branded an Islamophobe played a role in suppressing communications that may have had different results for the lives of 63 people in San Bernardino and Orlando.

•    One article wrongfully places the blame on Christians and Jews in a manner that creates contempt for Christianity and Judaism.

•    The reports published by the news media do influence the political positions of the public.  Huffingtonpost.com is one of the largest liberal progressive media outlets in America.

•    Florida Family Association’s opposition campaign educates hundreds of officials at American companies about the harm caused by erroneous Islamophobia propaganda.  The thousands of emails that company officials receive reveal that there are many Americans who find Islamophobia propaganda deceitful, harmful and offensive.

Hyundai has frequently advertised on Huffingtonpost.com for several months.

Florida Family Association has prepared an email for you to send to encourage Hyundai officials and dealership officials to stop supporting the Huffington Post’s biased religious propaganda with their advertising dollars.

To send your email, please click the following link, enter your name and email address then click the "Send Your Message" button. You may also edit the subject or message text if you wish.

Click here to send your email to encourage Discover Card officers and directors officials to stop supporting the Huffington Post’s Islamist propaganda with their advertising dollars.

For contact information please click here. 
Floridafamily.org

      Email: 
ffa@floridafamily.org

Florida Family Association, Inc.
P.O. Box 46547, Tampa, FL 33646-0105
Telephone 813-690-0060

Hamas: The New Charter That Isn't

In this mailing:
  • Bassam Tawil: Hamas: The New Charter That Isn't
  • A. Z. Mohamed: Open Letter to National Security Adviser Lt. Gen. H.R. McMaster

Hamas: The New Charter That Isn't

by Bassam Tawil  •  April 25, 2017 at 5:00 am
  • It is worthwhile to note that, contrary to what is being published in many media outlets, Hamas is NOT changing its Charter, which explicitly calls for the elimination of Israel.
  • The document goes on to clarify that even if Hamas accepts a Palestinian state on the pre-1967 lines, "this would not mean recognition of the Zionist entity or giving up any of the Palestinian rights."
  • Hamas and the PLO now have crucial common ground: sweet-talk the Western donors while laying stealthy plans to destroy Israel.
After two decades, Hamas has finally woken up to the power of lies. Like the PLO, Hamas has learned that in this instance, words are more important than actions. Pictured: Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas (right) shakes hands with Hamas's leader in Gaza, Ismail Haniyeh, during negotiations in 2007 for a short-lived unity government. (Image source: Palestinian Press Office)
Yasser Arafat may have been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, but his PLO officials and he really deserve the prize for the art of deception. For decades now, the PLO has spearheaded one of history's biggest scams, and now it seems that Hamas, the Palestinian Muslim Brotherhood movement, is about to join the bandwagon.
According to unconfirmed reports in the Arab media, Hamas is about to publish a "political document" in which it "accepts" the "two-state solution." The purported document is already being hailed by some Western and Israeli analysts and Hamas apologists as a sign of the radical Islamic movement's march toward moderation and pragmatism.

Open Letter to National Security Adviser Lt. Gen. H.R. McMaster
'Radical Islamic Terrorism' is Accurate and 'Helpful'

by A. Z. Mohamed  •  April 25, 2017 at 4:00 am
  • In other words, as al-Kalbani has confirmed -- and contrary to what McMaster has been telling his staff and his commander-in-chief, President Trump -- Muslim terrorists are Islamic, and the term "radical Islamic terrorism" is apt, accurate and extremely "helpful."
U.S. Army Lt. Gen. H.R. McMaster, President Trump's National Security Adviser. (Image source: Center for Strategic and International Studies)
During his first "all hands" staff meeting on February 23, President Donald Trump's new national security adviser, U.S. Army Lt. Gen. H.R. McMaster, called terrorism "un-Islamic" and the term "radical Islamic terrorism" not helpful.
Prior to the meeting, retired U.S. Army Col. Peter Mansoor told Fox News that McMaster, with whom he served in Iraq during the 2007 surge of American troops, "absolutely does not view Islam as the enemy... and will present a degree of pushback against the theories being propounded in the White House that this is a clash of civilizations and needs to be treated as such."
Let us put McMaster's premise -- which is antithetical not only to that of his predecessor, Michael Flynn, but to Trump himself and many of his senior advisers -- to the test.
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Eye on Iran: Iran Nuclear Deal Reviewed As Uncertainty Grows


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Iran and major powers were set to review adherence to their 2015 nuclear agreement on Tuesday, as uncertainty grows about the landmark accord's future under US President Donald Trump. The regular quarterly meeting was expected to hear, as Washington confirmed last week, that Iran is sticking to its deal with the US, Russia, China, Britain, France and Germany. The accord saw Tehran drastically curb its nuclear activities in return for the lifting of Western and UN sanctions. However, Trump has ordered a 90-day review, saying last Thursday that Iran was "not living up to the spirit" of the "terrible" deal because of its actions in other areas. This refers to Iran's support for Syrian President Bashar Assad, rebels in Yemen and militias in Iraq and in Lebanon as well as Tehran's ballistic missile program.


Iran's supreme leader said candidates in next month's presidential election should pledge not to rely on foreign investment to strengthen the economy, reinforcing his apparent differences with incumbent Hassan Rouhani, who has sought to woo international investors. All candidates need to "promise the people that in order for the country to progress, for economic growth and to untie the knots, their eyes won't be set outside our borders but on the nation itself," Ayatollah Ali Khamenei told officials on Tuesday, according to the official Islamic Republic News Agency. The May 19 election will help determine whether Iran remains committed to Rouhani's engagement with the West. The moderate cleric is facing mounting frustration over the landmark 2015 nuclear deal that critics say hasn't yet benefited poor Iranians -- criticism echoed recently by Khamenei, who has final say over state matters.


President Obama's controversial release last year of seven prisoners with ties to Iran was presented as a goodwill gesture linked to the larger nuclear deal with the Islamic Republic, but a new report claims some of those released were deemed threats to national security. The agreement which freed the U.S. prisoners was part of a flurry of related deals that unfroze more than $100 billion in Iranian assets and brought home five Americans held by Tehran. But Politico, in an exhaustive report, claims there was more to what President Obama presented as a "one-time gesture" of releasing prisoners described as businessmen convicted of or awaiting trial for mere "sanctions-related offenses, violations of the trade embargo." "In reality, some of them were accused by Obama's own Justice Department of posing threats to national security."

IRAN NUCLEAR DEAL


Iranian Deputy Foreign Minister Abbas Araqchi underlined after a meeting with Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Yukiya Amano in Vienna that Tehran has remained committed to undertaking under a 2015 nuclear deal with world powers. The meeting between Araqchi and Amano on Monday came a day before the seventh scheduled meeting of the Joint Commission of Iran and Group 5+1, which monitors the implementation of the nuclear deal, known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). "As the entire world knows and repeated reports by the agency have confirmed, Iran has always been committed to its obligations and carefully implemented the JCPOA," Araqchi, who is the Iranian head of the commission, said.

U.S.-IRAN RELATIONS


A relative of two Iranian-American citizens imprisoned in Iran says their health is failing rapidly due to inhumane conditions and is urging U.S. President Donald Trump to take "personal responsibility" for their lives. Siamak Namazi and his father, Baquer Namazi, were sentenced to 10-year prison terms last year for "collusion with an enemy state" - the United States. Babak Namazi has been working behind the scenes since then, seeking the release of his father and brother. Their supporters deny the charges and say the two are being held as leverage on the U.S. Their supporters went public with their campaign Tuesday, appealing to Trump and formally asking the U.N. Working Group on Arbitrary Detention for "urgent action" to secure their release.


A senior Iranian official says the United States will be "explicitly" violating a nuclear deal with Iran and five other countries if it refuses to extend the suspension of American nuclear-related sanctions against the Islamic Republic on the due date. Ali Akbar Salehi, the head of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran, made the remark on Monday. Iran had a range of sanctions by the US, the United Nations (UN), and the European Union (EU) terminated after it reached the deal - known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) - with the P5+1 group of countries, namely the US, the UK, France, China, Russia, and Germany, in Vienna in 2015.

SANCTIONS RELIEF


Iran ranked as South Korea's second-biggest oil exporter over the first three months of 2017 as it ramped up output to regain market share after sanctions were lifted last year, the first time ever it has claimed the No.2 spot on a quarterly basis. South Korea's March imports from Iran more than doubled from a year ago to a record 18.54 million barrels, or 597,935 barrels per day (bpd), data from state-run Korea National Oil Corp (KNOC) showed on Monday. For the January-March period of 2017, Iran seized the No.2 spot with shipments of 46.73 million barrels, also more than double from the same period last year and the highest on record for a quarter.

FOREIGN AFFAIRS


After Friday prayers April 14, Jordanians gathered in the northern city of Mafraq burning Iranian flags and pictures of Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei while demanding the expulsion of Iran's ambassador from the Hashemite Kingdom. Jordan's 1994 peace treaty with Israel along with its pro-US orientation seems to have put the country on a collision course with Iran. The demonstrations came in response to a war of words between senior Jordanian and Iranian officials. In a wide-ranging interview with The Washington Post on April 6, King Abdullah II addressed the challenge of growing Israeli settlement construction while trying to fight terrorism. He warned, "These issues give ammunition to the Iranians, to [Islamic State leader Abu Bakr] al-Baghdadi and ISIS [Islamic State]."

MILITARY MATTERS


Iran and Russia are moving closer together in their military alliance, working to boost ties and coordination in Syria and elsewhere in the region following the U.S. decision to launch a military strike in Syria, according to regional reports and experts. Iran's defense minister is slated to visit Moscow at the end of the month to discuss increased military ties, a move that is meant to deter U.S. action in the region and show a sign of increased force, according to regional experts who spoke to the Washington Free Beacon. The Tehran-Moscow axis has been growing since the landmark Iran nuclear deal, with Russia making good on a series of weapons deliveries, including the Russian-made S-300 missile defense system. The two countries have been signing an additional number of military deals in recent months and that cooperation is likely to increase in light of the Trump administration's decision to launch strikes against embattled Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, who is being backed by both Russia and Iran.

HUMAN RIGHTS


Of all the places one might encounter Shirin Ebadi, Tallahassee should not be one. I was to meet her in the state capital of what is officially known as America's sunshine state, but is more widely regarded as America's weirdest state. Ebadi was in Florida for PeaceJam, which connects Nobel peace prize laureates with youth. But I found it hard to imagine the greatest Iranian human rights icon spending Persian New Year week at a teen camp on the Florida panhandle. "I go everywhere, I live on planes," she tells me on the phone and indeed days later I'm scheduled to meet her closer to my home in New York City. On the phone I hold my breath every time we speak - her informal, easy Persian contrasts with mine, layered with too much cloying etiquette, the kind you prepare for some relative of your dreams. Persian is my first language - I use it to speak to my family and Iranian friends, but recently I feel anxious. I consider the prospect of translating Persian for those trapped in legalese at airports during the "Muslim ban", and I don't trust my tongue.


Iran's Supreme Court has upheld a five-year jail sentence for a British-Iranian charity worker who was convicted on unspecified charges relating to national security, her husband said on Monday. Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe, a project manager with the Thomson Reuters Foundation, was arrested by the elite Revolutionary Guards in April 2016 at a Tehran airport, as she was about to return to Britain with her two-year-old daughter after a family visit. Iranian media have said she was convicted of plotting the "soft overthrow" of Iran's clerical establishment, a charge denied by the Foundation and her family. She was sentenced to five years' imprisonment in September.

DOMESTIC POLITICS


Unemployment in Iran weighed heavily on the fourth day of the presidential campaigns as candidates exchanged accusations and contested with numbers. While conservative candidate Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf vowed on Monday to provide five million jobs if he wins the election, he was accused by the Iranian president's ally and vice president, candidate Eshaq Jahangiri of "duping the people." Without naming Ghalibaf, Jahangiri said: "Some people present slogans about creating job opportunities at specific levels. Those launching the promises had either never offered job opportunities, or had missed the numbers and statistics of unemployment." Jahangiri added: "Those speaking about creating millions of job opportunities clearly want to fool the people." However, Ghalibaf quickly fired back from Qom by saying: "Those saying there is an impossibility to provide five million job opportunities are looking at other places (the West) Today, brokers manage the economy."

OPINION & ANALYSIS


Iran's presidential election next month was all set to be a routine exercise of power in which Hassan Rouhani would be returned to office. He has ended the nuclear crisis with the great powers, and replenished the treasury. And he certainly has history on his side: no Iranian president has ever lost a re-election bid. That history was upended with the announced candidacy of Ebrahim Raisi, a protégé of Ali Khamenei, Iran's supreme leader. A looming succession crisis and a contentious economic debate may yet doom Mr Rouhani to a single-term presidency. The 56-year-old Mr Raisi is a former student of the supreme leader and has spent much of his life in the enforcement arm of the Islamic Republic. Soon after the revolution, the young Mr Raisi was appointed to a succession of positions in the judiciary, rising to become the prosecutor-general and the head of the General Inspection Office. In 1988, he proved his mettle by serving on the "Death Commission" that sanctioned the massacre of thousands of political prisoners.

In two statements in August 2014, Hezbollah leader Hassan Nasrallah claimed that the Islamic State was a threat to the region. "The danger does not recognize Shiites, Sunnis, Christians, or Druze, Yazidis, Arabs, or Kurds," he said. "This monster is growing and getting bigger." He argued that ISIS threatened the Arab monarchies stretching from Jordan to the Gulf. Then he revealed the real goal of his Iranian-backed Hezbollah movement. "Going to fight in Syria was, in the first degree, to defend Lebanon, the resistance in Lebanon and all Lebanese." Since the outbreak of the Syrian civil war, Iran, Hezbollah, and the various Shia militias in Iraq that make up the Hashd al-Shaabi are riding a wave of victories. Never before have Iran's proxies, extremist militias, had such legitimacy and power in some areas, while in others they play a polarizing role.


Geopolitics appears to be entering into a new phase in the Middle East region. Although Iran's role on geopolitical issues, more specifically on the fate of Syria, increased steadily during Obama administration, it seems that Trump will reverse policies adopted by the previous administration. This appears to be aimed at reducing Iranian influence in the region. Furthermore, in case a conservative candidate wins the presidential elections scheduled to be held in May, 2017, Iran's isolation will probably go to the next level. Yet Iran continues to have considerable influence in the region. Its place in world politics are relative to the following factors as they shape the country's foreign policy.


Ties between Iran and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) have been strained for years. Incidents such as the stampede during the Hajj pilgrimage in 2015, in which hundreds of Iranian pilgrims were crushed to death; the execution of prominent Saudi Shiite cleric Sheikh Nimr al-Nimr in January 2016; and the subsequent attacks on Saudi diplomatic compounds in Iran ultimately led to a cut in diplomatic relations between Tehran and Riyadh. This cooling soon engulfed other GCC member states, except Oman, which has traditionally enjoyed good ties with Iran. Despite the efforts of smaller players such as Kuwait and Oman to defuse tensions between Saudi Arabia and Iran, there is little on the horizon suggesting an end to Riyadh's determination to directly confront Tehran. In Iran's view, the Arab states have little desire to create tensions but are rather under Saudi pressure to follow Riyadh's policies.






Eye on Iran is a periodic news summary from United Against Nuclear Iran (UANI) a program of the American Coalition Against Nuclear Iran, Inc., a tax-exempt organization under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. Eye on Iran is not intended as a comprehensive media clips summary but rather a selection of media elements with discreet analysis in a PDA friendly format. For more information please email press@uani.com.

United Against Nuclear Iran (UANI) is a non-partisan, broad-based coalition that is united in a commitment to prevent Iran from fulfilling its ambition to become a regional super-power possessing nuclear weapons.  UANI is an issue-based coalition in which each coalition member will have its own interests as well as the collective goal of advancing an Iran free of nuclear weapons.